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Build and Install Linux System for SMARC-FiMX7 (Solo and Dual Core)


This document provides instructions for advanced users how Embedian offers patches and builds a customized version of u-boot and linux kernel for Embedian's SMARC-FiMX7 product platform and how to install the images to bring the evaluation board up and running. 

Our aim is to fully support our hardware through device drivers. We also provide unit tests so that testing a board is easy and custom development can start precisely.

Availability


SMARC-FiMX7 from Embedian

Carrier Board


EVK-STD-CARRIER-S20 (universal carrier board for all SMARC 2.0 modules) from Embedian

Basic Resources


 

ARM Cross Compiler: GCC


This is a pre-built (32bit) version of Linaro GCC that runs on generic linux, so 64bit users need to make sure they have installed the 32bit libraries for their distribution.

debian basedextrapkgs: (sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install xyz)

Ubuntu 12.04

 

ia32-libs

Debian 7 (Wheezy)

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

libc6:i386 libstdc++6:i386 libncurses5:i386 zlib1g:i386

Ubuntu 12.10 -> 14.04

 

libc6:i386 libstdc++6:i386 libncurses5:i386 zlib1g:i386

Red Hat/Centos/Fedora

 

libstdc++.i686 ncurses-devel.i686 zlib.i686

Red Hat based (rpm)

extra

pkgs: (yum install xyz)

Red Hat/Centos/Fedora

 

libstdc++.i686 ncurses-devel.i686 zlib.i686

Ubuntu 12.04

 

ia32-libs

Ubuntu 12.10 -> 14.04

 

libc6:i386 libstdc++6:i386 libncurses5:i386 zlib1g:i386


To build Embedian’s SMARC-FiMX7 u-boot and linux kernel, you will need to install the Linaro arm compiler that is the same as that we build for SMARC-T335X, SMARC-T4378 and SMARC-FiMX6

 For u-boot 2016.03 and Linux 4.1.15, you need to use the following newer Linaro arm compilier.

$ wget -c https://releases.linaro.org/15.05/components/toolchain/binaries/arm-linux-gnueabihf/gcc-linaro-4.9-2015.05-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf.tar.xz

$ sudo tar -C /opt -xJf gcc-linaro-4.9-2015.05-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf.tar.xz

$ export CC=/opt/gcc-linaro-4.9-2015.05-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-

Test:

If this test fails, verify that you have the 32bit libraries installed on your development system.

$ ${CC}gcc --version
arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc (crosstool-NG linaro-1.13.1-4.7-2013.04-20130415 - Linaro GCC 2013.04) 4.7.3 20130328 (prerelease)
Copyright (C) 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Generating SSH Keys


We recommend you use SSH keys to establish a secure connection between your computer and Embedian Gitlab server. The steps below will walk you through generating an SSH key and then adding the public key to our Gitlab account.

Step 1. Check for SSH keys


First, we need to check for existing ssh keys on your computer. Open up Git Bash and run:

Check the directory listing to see if you have a file named either id_rsa.pub or id_dsa.pub. If you don't have either of those files go to step 2. Otherwise, you already have an existing keypair, and you can skip to step 3.

Step 2. Generate a new SSH key


To generate a new SSH key, enter the code below. We want the default settings so when asked to enter a file in which to save the key, just press enter.

Now you need to enter a passphrase.

Which should give you something like this:

Step 3. Add your SSH key to Embedian Gitlab Server


Copy the key to your clipboard.

Go to Embedian Git Server. At Profile Setting --> SSH Keys --> Add SSH Key 

Paste your public key and press "Add Key" and your are done.

Bootloader: U-Boot 


Clone the U-Boot source code from Embedian Git Server.

Download:

For u-boot v2016.03: 

$ git clone git@git.embedian.com:developer/smarc-t335x-uboot.git smarcfimx7-uboot

$ cd smarcfimx7-uboot

$ git checkout smarc-rel_imx_4.1.15_2.0.0_ga

Configure and Build:

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} distclean

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} smarcfimx7d_ser3_defconfig

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC}

Note

Icon

Note1:

If the board is SMARC-FiMX7-S (Solo Core), use
$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} smarcfimx7s_ser3_defconfig

Note 2:

"ser3" stands for console debug port. In this example, we uses SER3 as debug port. If user uses SER0 as your debug port, make change to "ser0" instead. Same as SER1 and SER2.

Note 3:

The SMARC-FiMX7 module always boot up from the onboard SPI NOR flash. The factory default will be u-boot.imx pre-installed. In some cases when the SPI NOR flash is empty or needs to be upgraded. Users can shunt crossed the TEST# to ground. In this way, the SMARC-FiMX7 module will boot up to carrier SD card, if TEST# pin is shunt crossed. The u-boot.imx image are the same, the difference is how you flash u-boot.imx. This will be explained in the "Setup SD card" section.


Linux Kernel


Download:

For 4.1.15 (Based on Freescale imx_4.1.15_1.2.0_ga official release):

$ git clone git@git.embedian.com:developer/smarc-fsl-linux-kernel.git

$ cd smarc-fsl-linux-kernel

$ git checkout smarc-rel_imx_4.1.15_1.2.0_ga

Configure and Build:

 

Configure and Build:

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} distclean

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} smarcfimx7_defconfig

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CC} zImage modules imx7s-smarcfimx7.dtb imx7d-smarcfimx7.dtb

Note1:

If the board is Solo Core, the device tree blob is imx7s-smarcfimx7.dtb.

If the board is Dual Core, the device tree blob is imx7d-smarcfimx7.dtb

Root File System


Ubuntu 16.04:

UserPassword
rootroot
ubuntutemppwd

Ubuntu 16.04 Download:

$ wget -c ftp://ftp.embedian.com/public/dev/minfs/xenial/imx7-ubuntu-16.04.2-armhf-2017-03-02.tar.gz

Verify:

$ md5sum imx7-ubuntu-16.04.2-armhf-2017-03-02.tar.gz
4604f42c0525d6a5406bfed8ce61a892  imx7-ubuntu-16.04.2-armhf-2017-03-02.tar.gz


Debian 8.7:

UserPassword
rootroot
debiantemppwd

Debian 8 Download:

$ wget -c ftp://ftp.embedian.com/public/dev/minfs/jessie/imx7-debian-8.7-armhf-2017-03-02.tar.gz

Verify:

$ md5sum imx7-debian-8.7-armhf-2017-03-02.tar.gz
beb77ef08400cb9f1780e8a80f47add6  imx7-debian-8.7-armhf-2017-03-02.tar.gz


Ubuntu 14.04:

UserPassword
rootroot
ubuntutemppwd

Ubuntu 14.04 Download:

Verify:

$ md5sum imx7-ubuntu1404.tar.gz
6cb950287c96f24901f4d1472a10324b  imx7-ubuntu1404.tar.gz

 

Yocto Build Root File System:

UserPassword
rootN/A

Find the yocto pre-built root file systems here at Embedian's ftp site based on your module CPU variants.

Setup SD Card


For these instruction, we are assuming: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0, "lsblk" is very useful for determining the device id.

$ export DISK=/dev/mmcblk0

Erase SD card:

$ sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=${DISK} bs=1M count=16

Create Partition Layout:

With util-linux v2.26, sfdisk was rewritten and is now based on libfdisk.

sfdisk

$ sudo sfdisk --version
sfdisk from util-linux 2.27.1

Create Partitions:

sfdisk >=2.26.x

Icon
$ sudo sfdisk ${DISK} <<-__EOF__
1M,48M,0x83,*
,,,-
__EOF__

sfdisk <=2.25

Icon
$ sudo sfdisk --in-order --Linux --unit M ${DISK} <<-__EOF__
1,48,0x83,*
,,,-
__EOF__

Format Partitions:

for: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0
$ sudo mkfs.vfat -F 16 ${DISK}p1 -n boot
$ sudo mkfs.ext4 ${DISK}p2 -L rootfs
 
for: DISK=/dev/sdX
$ sudo mkfs.vfat -F 16 ${DISK}1 -n boot
$ sudo mkfs.ext4 ${DISK}2 -L rootfs

Mount Partitions:

On some systems, these partitions may be auto-mounted...

$ sudo mkdir -p /media/boot/
$ sudo mkdir -p /media/rootfs/
 
for: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0
$ sudo mount ${DISK}p1 /media/boot/
$ sudo mount ${DISK}p2 /media/rootfs/
 
for: DISK=/dev/sdX
$ sudo mount ${DISK}1 /media/boot/
$ sudo mount ${DISK}2 /media/rootfs/

Install Bootloader

If SPI NOR Flash is not empty

The u-boot.imx is pre-installed in SPI NOR flash at factory default. SMARC-FiMX7 is designed to always boot up from SPI NOR flash and to load zImage, device tree blob and root file systems based on the setting of BOOT_SEL. If users need to fuse their own u-boot or perform u-boot upgrade. This section will instruct you how to do that.

Copy u-boot.imx to the boot partition.

~/smarcfimx7-uboot


$ sudo cp -v u-boot.imx /media/boot/u-boot.imx

Fuse u-boot.imx to the SPI NOR flash.

Stop at U-Boot command prompt (Press any key when booting up). Copy and Paste the following script under u-boot command prompt.

u-boot command prompt


U-Boot# mmc rescan; mmc dev; load mmc 0:1 0x90800000 u-boot.imx; sf probe; sleep 2; sf erase 0 0xc0000; sf write 0x90800000 0x400 80000

If SPI NOR Flash is empty

In some cases, when SPI NOR flash is erased or the u-boot is under development, we need a way to boot from SD card first. Users need to shunt cross the TEST# pin to ground. In this way, SMARC-FiMX7 will always boot up from SD card. 

Copy u-boot.imx to the boot partition

~/smarcfimx7-uboot


$ sudo dd if=u-boot.imx of=${DISK} bs=512 seek=2 
Icon
  1. If your u-boot hasn't been finalized and still under development, it is recommended to shunt cross the test pin and boot directly from SD card first. Once your u-boot is fully tested and finalized, you can fuse your u-boot to SPI NOR flash.
  2. When TEST# pin of SMARC-FiMX7 is not shunt crossed, it will always boot up from SPI NOR flash. U-boot will read the BOOT_SEL configuration and determine where it should load zImage and device tree blob. When TEST# is shunt crossed (pull low), it will always boot up from SD card.

uEnv.txt based bootscript

Create "uEnv.txt" boot script: ($ vim uEnv.txt)

~/uEnv.txt


console=ttymxc2,115200
mmcdev=0
mmcpart=1
image=zImage
loadaddr=0x80800000
fdt_addr=0x83000000
mmcroot=/dev/mmcblk0p2 ro
mmcrootfstype=ext4 rootwait fixrtc
netdev=eth0
ethact=FEC0
ipaddr=192.168.1.150
serverip=192.168.1.53
gatewayip=192.168.1.254
mmcargs=setenv bootargs console=${console} root=${mmcroot} rootfstype=${mmcrootfstype} ${optargs}
uenvcmd=run loadzimage; run loadfdt; run mmcboot

Copy uEnv.txt to the boot partition:

~/


$ sudo cp -v ~/uEnv.txt /media/boot/

Install Kernel zImage

Copy zImage to the boot partition:

~/smarc-fsl-linux-kernel


$ sudo cp -v arch/arm/boot/zImage /media/boot

Install Kernel Device Tree Binary

$ sudo mkdir -p /media/boot/dtbs
$ sudo cp -v arch/arm/boot/dts/imx7s-smarcfimx7.dtb arch/arm/boot/dts/imx7d-smarcfimx7.dtb /media/boot/dtbs

Install Root File System and Kernel Modules


Copy Root File System:

Yocto Pre-Built Rootfs:

directory where your root file system is


$ sudo tar xvfz <filename.tar.gz> -C /media/rootfs

Ubuntu 14.04:

directory where your root file system is


$ sudo tar xvfz imx7-ubuntu1404.tar.gz -C /media/rootfs

Copy Kernel Modules:

~/smarc-fsl-linux-kernel


$ sudo make ARCH=arm INSTALL_MOD_PATH=/media/rootfs modules_install


Note

Icon
  1. After compiled u-boot, it will generated u-boot.imx and u-boot.bin. The only difference is IVT header that will tell i.MX7 internal ROM where to load u-boot. If the firmware in SPI flash need to be update or empty. Users could pull the TEST# pin on carrier board to low. In this way, SMARC-FiMX7 will boot up to SD card first. The u-boot we need to use now will be u-boot.imx. The command to copy u-boot.imx to SD card now is:
    $ sudo dd if=u-boot.imx of=${DISK} bs=512 seek=2 
    In this case, user will only need to copy uEnv.txt, zImage and device tree blob to partition one of your boot device.  
  2. MAC address is factory pre-installed at on board I2C EEPROM at offset 60 bytes and 66 bytes (ENET2). It starts with Embedian's vendor code 10:0D:32. u-boot will read it and pass this parameter to kernel.
  3. If your rootfs is yocto built, the kernel modules will be included in the rootfs.

Networking:

Edit: /etc/network/interfaces

$ sudo vim /media/rootfs/etc/network/interfaces

Add:

/media/rootfs/etc/network/interfaces


auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
 
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp

Remove SD card:

$ sync
$ sudo umount /media/boot
$ sudo umount /media/rootfs

Setup eMMC


Setting up eMMC usually is the last step at development stage after the development work is done at your SD card or NFS environments. From software point of view, eMMC is nothing but a non-removable SD card on board. For SMARC-FiMX7, the SD card is always emulated as /dev/mmcblk0 and on-module eMMC is always emulated as /dev/mmcblk2. Setting up eMMC now is nothing but changing the device descriptor. 

This section gives a step-by-step procedure to setup eMMC flash. Users can write a shell script your own at production to simplify the steps.

First, we need to backup the final firmware from your SD card or NFS.

Prepare for eMMC binaries from SD card (or NFS):

Insert SD card into your Linux PC. For these instructions, we are assuming: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0, "lsblk" is very useful for determining the device id.

For these instruction, we are assuming: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0, "lsblk" is very useful for determining the device id.

$ export DISK=/dev/mmcblk0

Mount Partitions:

On some systems, these partitions may be auto-mounted...

$ sudo mkdir -p /media/boot/
$ sudo mkdir -p /media/rootfs/
 
for: DISK=/dev/mmcblk0
$ sudo mount ${DISK}p1 /media/boot/
$ sudo mount ${DISK}p2 /media/rootfs/
 
for: DISK=/dev/sdX
$ sudo mount ${DISK}1 /media/boot/
$ sudo mount ${DISK}2 /media/rootfs/

 

Copy zImage to rootfs partition:

$ sudo cp -v /media/boot/zImage /media/rootfs/home/root

Note

Icon
  1. If your rootfs is Ubuntu 14.04, copy to /media/rootfs/home/ubuntu instead of /media/rootfs/home/root


Copy uEnv.txt to rootfs partition:

Copy and paste the following contents to /media/rootfs/home/root ($ sudo vim /media/rootfs/home/root/uEnv.txt)

console=ttymxc2,115200
mmcdev=0
mmcpart=1
image=zImage
loadaddr=0x80800000
fdt_addr=0x83000000
mmcroot=/dev/mmcblk2p2 ro
mmcrootfstype=ext4 rootwait fixrtc
netdev=eth0
ethact=FEC0
ipaddr=192.168.1.150
serverip=192.168.1.53
gatewayip=192.168.1.254
mmcargs=setenv bootargs console=${console} root=${mmcroot} rootfstype=${mmcrootfstype} ${optargs}
uenvcmd=run loadzimage; run loadfdt; run mmcboot

Copy device tree blob to rootfs partition:

$ sudo cp -v /media/boot/dtbs/imx7s-smarcfimx7.dtb /media/rootfs/home/root/imx7s-smarcfimx7.dtb
$ sudo cp -v /media/boot/dtbs/imx7d-smarcfimx7.dtb /media/rootfs/home/root/imx7d-smarcfimx7.dtb 

Copy real rootfs to rootfs partition:

Yocto Built Root File Systems

$ pushd /media/rootfs

$ sudo tar cvfz ~/smarcfimx7-emmc-rootfs.tar.gz .

$ sudo mv ~/smarcfimx7-emmc-rootfs.tar.gz /media/rootfs/home/root

$ popd

Ubuntu 14.04 Root File Systems

$ sudo vim /media/rootfs/etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules

Delete all contents starting with "SUBSYSTEM=="

$ pushd /media/rootfs

$ sudo tar cvfz ~/smarcfimx7-emmc-rootfs.tar.gz .

$ sudo mv ~/smarcfimx7-emmc-rootfs.tar.gz /media/rootfs/home/ubuntu

$ popd

Remove SD card:

$ sync
$ sudo umount /media/boot
$ sudo umount /media/rootfs

Copy Binaries to eMMC from SD card:

Insert this SD card into your SMARC-FiMX7 device and boot into SD card.

Now it will be almost the same as you did when setup your SD card, but the eMMC device descriptor is /dev/mmcblk2 now.

$ export DISK=/dev/mmcblk2

Erase SD card:

$ sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=${DISK} bs=1M count=16

Create Partition Layout:

$ sudo sfdisk --in-order --Linux --unit M ${DISK} <<-__EOF__
1,48,0x83,*
,,,-
__EOF__

Format Partitions:

$ sudo mkfs.vfat -F 16 ${DISK}p1 -n boot
$ sudo mkfs.ext4 ${DISK}p2 -L rootfs

Mount Partitions:

$ sudo mkdir -p /media/boot/
$ sudo mkdir -p /media/rootfs/
$ sudo mount ${DISK}p1 /media/boot/
$ sudo mount ${DISK}p2 /media/rootfs/

Install binaries for partition 1

Copy uEnv.txt/zImage/*.dtb to the boot partition


$ sudo cp -v zImage uEnv.txt /media/boot/

Install Kernel Device Tree Binary

$ sudo mkdir -p /media/boot/dtbs

$ sudo cp -v imx7s-smarcfimx7.dtb imx7d-smarcfimxd.dtb /media/boot/dtbs

Install Root File System


$ sudo tar -zxvf smarcfimx7-emmc-rootfs.tar.gz -C /media/rootfs

 

Unmount eMMC:

$ sync
$ sudo umount /media/boot
$ sudo umount /media/rootfs

 

Switch your Boot Select to eMMC and you will be able to boot up from eMMC now.


version 1.0a, 3/08/2017

Last updated 2017-03-08

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